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Geography of Australia

Australia is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 7,692,024 km² (approx. 2,969,893 mi²). Continental shelf of Australia is approximately 2,194,008 km² (around 847,107 mi²). Australia is located in Oceania. Oceania is a region that comprises many of the islands found in the tropical Pacific Ocean. It is sometimes referred to as Oceanica. Countries in Oceania include, but are not limited to, New Zealand and The Solomon Islands. Australia is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Australia is 330 m (1,083 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Australia is 0 kilometers (~0 miles). Australia has no land borders, meaning that it also has no neighbouring countries in the traditional sense of the word.

Cities

The capital city of Australia is Canberra. The largest cities in Australia are Sydeny, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Australia is 330 m (1,083 ft). The highest point of Australia is Mount Kosciuszko, with its official height being 2228 m (7,310 ft). The lowest point of Australia is Lake Eyre. It lies at -15 m (-49 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Mount Kosciuszko) and lowest (Lake Eyre) points of Australia is 2243 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Australia is 7,692,024 km² (approx. 2,969,893 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 8,505,348 km² (~3,283,918 mi²). The continental shelf of Australia is approximately 2,194,008 km² (around 847,107 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Australia is approximately 16,197,372 km² (~6,253,812 mi²). Australia is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

1,470,832 km² of Australia's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 19% of all the land in the country. There are 468,503 km² of arable land in Australia, and it comprises 6% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Australia are bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, rare earth elements, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum.