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Demographics of Canada

The total population of Canada is 36,953,765 people. People in Canada speak the English, and French languages. The linguistic diversity of Canada is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Canada is 0.5772. The median age is approximately 41.7 years. Life expectancy in Canada is 82. The female fertility rate in Canada is 1.6. Around 26% of the population of Canada are obese. The ethnic diversity is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Canada is 0.7124. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Canada see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In Canada, the population density is 3.62 people per square kilometer (9 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be very sparsely. The total population of Canada is 36,953,765 people. Canada has approximately 7,835,502 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Canada represent 3.1 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Canada represent 20.7 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Canada is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Canada is 0.7124. This means that there is a relatively high number of unique ethnic groups in Canada. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Canada on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 41.7 years. The median age for men is 40.4, while the median age for women is 42.9.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.056. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.05; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 1.02; sex ratio over 64 - 0.78; total sex ratio - 0.98. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of Canada is Christianity, the followers of which comprise 69% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Besides Christianity, there are several other religions present within the country. Other religions in Canada are Islam, folk religions. The religious diversity of Canada is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Canada. The index of religious fractionalization in Canada is 0.6958. This score means that there are several major religions distributed evenly within Canada.

General development

Canada is considered to be a developed nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developed nation, Canada is able to provide its citizens with social services like public education, healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developed nations enjoy a high standard of living and longer life expectancies than citizens of developing nations. In Canada, 86.77 in every 100 people use internet. Canada has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.902. Canada has a very high HDI score. This indicates that nearly all citizens are able to attain a desirable life because of social and economic support; citizens with a low standard of living receive aid and support and have the opportunity to advance in society. The migration rate in Canada is 5.66%. In Canada, 9% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Canada is low, indicating that it has a stable economy. Investors should consider Canada to be a safe location for investments and other financial ventures.

Language

People in Canada speak the English, and French languages. The linguistic diversity of Canada is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Canada. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Canada is 0.5772. This means that there are several major languages spoken in Canada. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.